Since the exact etiology of the process is unknown, the search for the most effective treatment is relevant. In the treatment of the disease, hormone medications are often used, which only relieve external symptoms, while remission lasts several months, and the medication itself can cause side effects. Remedies for psoriasis on the feet are prescribed by dermatologists, while the complex of traditional methods may include folk remedies for psoriasis.
There are many ways to treat psoriasis on the feet. As a rule, treatment of foot psoriasis includes systemic and local therapy, appointment of physiotherapy, adherence to regimens and diet.
Classification of lower limb psoriasis
On the feet, psoriasis manifests itself in only 30% of cases of skin lesions. Dermatologists classify the early stages of disease development in this part of the body into two groups:
- Psoriasis type 1. It affects the feet of children, adolescents, adult men and women because of their genetic predisposition to the disease. Overall, at least 60% of all cases have relatives with the disease. Often, lower limb psoriasis is transmitted to offspring born in the 3-4th generation. Hereditary psoriasis therapy is lengthy and requires systemic administration of special medications to curb the spread of plaque from the surface of the feet to the trunk and other parts of the body.
- Psoriasis type 2. This is an acquired form of the disease, which develops due to the presence of the risk factors mentioned above. The age category of foot psoriasis patients is people who have reached the age of 40 years and above. Often these dermatology patients abuse alcohol, eat unhealthy foods, work in enterprises with dangerous work conditions, or have experienced difficult moral stress situations in their lives. In such patients, the early stages of the disease are always acute and with a clear clinical picture. A month after the appearance of the first red spots, the knee and hip joints begin to be affected. It all depends on the location of the plaque.
The fact that the disease is easier to prevent than to cure is no secret.
This fact is true for psoriasis entirely. To prevent the development of psoriasis, the following recommendations should be followed:
- avoid emotional tension and stress. Have a positive attitude towards life, don’t worry about small things;
- lead a healthy lifestyle, do not abuse alcohol, smoke and, moreover, do not use drugs under any circumstances;
- treat the focus of infection in the body in a timely manner, strengthen the general immunity;
- apply to skin with moisturizer, prevent dehydration and dryness;
- do not ignore effective means of prevention like the people. Sometimes it is enough to rub the allergic area of the skin with a suitable herbal cream to never hear a diagnosis of psoriasis.
Take care of the affected skin
If there are plaques and rashes on the feet, it should be rubbed with a special preparation with a moisturizing substance. It is good if the composition also includes anti-inflammatory and immunostimulatory substances.
Do not smear the affected skin area with aggressive products that contain high concentrations of alcohol. The skin should not be dehydrated.
Special care should be taken to avoid injury and damage to the skin. It is known for sure that they cause new rashes, which are not easily cured. It is worth using only gentle and non -traumatic bath accessories.
On a diet
Proper nutrition is not important. Often it is a violation in the diet recommended by doctors that does not allow to cure psoriasis for many years.
Alkaline foods in the diet should be two to three times more than acidic. Alkaline foods include non-acidic fruits and vegetables. Alkaline mineral water can help. You should monitor timely bowel emptying, use products that increase peristalsis
Complications in psoriasis are characterized by the appearance of concomitant disease. The cardiovascular system suffers the most, which often leads to heart attacks or coronary heart disease. In some cases, the disease can trigger diabetes.
Treatment of psoriasis on the fingers requires an integrated approach and, most importantly, time. Therapeutic action should be aimed primarily at reducing the focus of inflammation. Psoriasis on the hands often moves to the nails, which should not be allowed. Otherwise, healing will take longer.
Treatment must be complex, so medications must be different. Make sure you use:
- Creams and ointments.
- Medicine for the gastrointestinal tract.
- Preparations to enhance immunity.
This is a basic treatment that always helps with mild levels of psoriasis.
Physiotherapy is used as one of the stages in the treatment of psoriasis. These procedures are based on the use of various natural factors, therefore, they help stop the course of the disease. Patients underwent courses of infrared and ultraviolet irradiation, acupuncture and cryotherapy.
Traditional medicine is rich in recipes to relieve the symptoms of the disease and achieve long -term remission. First of all, various baths have proven themselves well:
- with sea salt;
- with herbal decoction.
A bay leaf bath is effective. To cook, pour 20 gr. leaves with 2 cups of water and boil for 10 minutes over low heat. After the soup has cooled, you need to hold the affected hand or foot in it for at least half an hour.
The skin on the hands or feet affected by psoriasis can be rubbed with juniper tincture, birch tar or celandine juice. Sea buckthorn oil is advised to lubricate nails to strengthen them.
What does psoriasis look like on the feet?
The early form of the disease does not cause serious discomfort to the patient. It is indicated by slight itching and redness of the skin. Gradually, the intensity increases and plaques of pink or red color appear on the feet. The size of the papules is in the range of 3-5 mm, with further development, the spots grow and connect with each other.
The characteristic manifestation is a yellowish or white scales, it is easily scraped, but flaking in this case increases. If you remove the exfoliation, you can see a shiny red film. Its removal causes the release of a drop of blood, which in medicine is called blood dew.
Psoriasis forms on the soles of the feet, accompanied by unbearable itching. The patient cannot resist the urge to brush the affected area. This opens up access to bacterial infections, which complicates further treatment.
Why psoriasis develops on the feet
Psoriasis of the feet is a chronic skin pathology with a hereditary predisposition. The development of this disease is facilitated by the influence of predisposing factors. Predisposing factors to the development of psoriasis on the feet:
- Limb injuries - abrasions, cracks, cuts. In people prone to this pathology, they often become inflamed, accompanied by itching, brushed. Against this background, a psoriatic rash appears. These causes most often cause psoriasis of the knee joint in children, adolescents and athletes.
- Skin diseases and abrasions on the feet. Especially often the disease develops against the background of fungal infections. It is important to wear tight shoes where the feet are sweaty and sore.
- Metabolic disorders, obesity, diabetes mellitus, endocrine diseases, age -related hormonal disorders, pregnancy. Any hormonal imbalance can cause the onset of the disease.
- Any chronic and focal process of infection that leads to body poisoning.
- High emotional, mental and physical stress.
- Improper irregular nutrition, intestinal dysbacteriosis.
- Immune disorders.
Treatment with folk remedies
Often, the treatment of foot psoriasis is not limited to traditional medicine. It is better to combine energy with recipes for effective traditional medicine.
Often, recipes for decoctions, ointments, baths, compresses are used to get rid of psoriatic diseases.
To prepare a remedy that can relieve the acute symptoms of the disease, you need celandine and oregano, taken in equal proportions, add chopped licorice root to them, which should be 2 times more than each of the previous components, and take three times. more strings. All this mixture should be poured with boiling water and kept for a quarter of an hour. Then strain the infusion and take half a glass twice a day. The greatest efficiency can be achieved if new psoriasis begins to appear.
Birch tar is mixed with olive oil, the resulting mixture is applied on the plaque as often as possible to achieve maximum effect.
Take a shower
For this purpose, the absorption of celandine is suitable, it will not only help get rid of rashes, but also normalize body functions.
Celandine is poured with boiling water, insist for at least an hour, filtered and added to a warm bath. The procedure for bathing with celandine should not exceed 10 minutes in time. This method can be daily.
Potatoes succeed here. To prepare the compress, you need to grate the raw potatoes on the smallest grater. Then, the juice is squeezed out of the resulting mass and applied to the affected area, the feet are wrapped with a film or bag on top, and warm socks are placed. Compressed potatoes are stored for several hours, otherwise the effect will not be achieved.
Characteristics of the rash
The clinical picture of foot psoriasis manifests itself depending on the course of the disease, or rather its stage.
There are the following stages of psoriasis:
- The beginning. The rash at the beginning of the disease looks like acne, has a slightly convex shape. In addition, silver-steel-colored scales begin to form on each papule;
- Progressive. The rash appears more and more, and the papules begin to increase in diameter and merge together, forming areas of persistent damage. This whole process is accompanied by unbearable itching;
- Acute. The disease, entering the stage of acute development, is accompanied by a new rash, while the old one stops growing, begins the process of peeling;
- Still. New elements of the rash no longer appear, and the affected skin area is completely exfoliated. In place of the former plaque, a zone of pigmentation is formed;
- Regression. At this stage, the disease is characterized by cleansing of the skin from the signs of psoriatic, the general well-being of the patient improves to a large extent.
Treatment and diagnosis
Diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis on the feet is performed by a dermatologist, the method is very simple and consists of a simple examination of the skin, blood tests (general and biochemical). Modern medicine has no way to cure psoriasis completely. In some cases, treatment is used to alleviate the condition and remission of symptoms.
It depends on many factors such as:
- patient gender;
- age range;
- place of residence (climate zone);
- activities (work, etc. );
- psoriatic lesion stage.
Treatment with local remedies
In addition to products that moisturize the skin, dermatologists may prescribe the use of topical preparations that are easy to use at home:
- agents containing coal tar, it helps slow the growth of psoriatic plaques and keratin scales.
- salicylic acid solution allows you to remove and exfoliate scales with great efficiency;
- Corticosteroids, made in gel form, are applied to the skin and covered with a bandage. This drug slows the growth of the formation of new psoriatic plaques.
If local medications are unable to overcome the manifestations of psoriasis, then another group of drugs is prescribed.
For the treatment of foot psoriasis, a combination treatment consisting of retinoids and light therapy is very often used. As a rule, ultraviolet therapy or spot laser therapy is prescribed.
If all the methods mentioned above do not help, then medications that selectively affect the immune system may be indicated.
Foot psoriasis is a very unpleasant disease, but you need to know that it does not pose a threat to life, although it significantly reduces its quality. Rare cases are characterized by the fact that inflammation does not manifest itself in any way for several years. However, at the first symptom, you should immediately see a doctor, and not self -medicate - this will help prevent the development of the disease and complications.
How does psoriasis appear on the feet?
The rash with this type of lesion is concentrated on the soles of the feet and the back of the feet. They have the classic psoriatic plaque form - an inflamed area of skin, a few millimeters above the surface of healthy tissue, covered with gray scales. The development of pathology is accompanied by the formation of calluses, hyperkeratosis (thickening) of the skin in this area develops. As the disease worsens, deep cracks appear, the epidermis becomes severely red. Often, due to the external manifestations of this form of the disease, it is confused with the development of diseases such as eczema, mycotic lesions and signs of secondary syphilis. Photos will help identify foot psoriasis accurately.
Foot psoriasis: causes
The cause of psoriasis on the feet is not fully known. Absolute certainty exists only in connection with the importance of hereditary factors in the occurrence of pathology. All other causes act only as provoking factors as possible. This includes:
- weakens the body's immune system;
- transferred viruses and bacteria, in particular, streptococcal infections;
- stress, depression;
- the presence of excessive sweating on the feet;
- hormonal changes in the body;
- violation of metabolic processes.
Manifestations of psoriasis on the feet: photos
In addition to the visible inflammation, redness of the skin, in the pathology there are also symptoms such as itching, burning, pain of varying intensity in the affected area. This causes significant discomfort for a person, as movement while walking is difficult.
Due to the roughness of the epidermis on the feet, plaque does not always peel off, although such marks may also be present. It depends on the hydrophilicity of the tissue in the patient.
Foot psoriasis: treatment
Before prescribing treatment for psoriasis on the feet, the doctor should conduct an external examination of the pathological area to distinguish the disease visually. There are no special methods of additional examination in medicine today, because the disease is of non -infectious origin and has not been fully studied.
The treatment of foot psoriasis is carried out in a complex way, i. e. a drug approach combined with a course of physiotherapy procedures, which can significantly reduce the patient’s condition. The use of certain drugs - cytostatics - is already occurring with significant disease progression. In the early stages of disease development, drugs are applied in the form of gels or ointments topically (sulfur, salicylic), corticosteroids are prescribed. This is done to reduce the negative effects of pharmacological preparations on the patient's body. In addition, a course of vitamin therapy, immunomodulation and antihistamines is prescribed. Photos of psoriasis on the feet are widely available on the Internet.
Signs of the disease
The early stages of psoriasis on the feet in most cases are taken by doctors for the manifestation of allergic reactions to some external irritants. Especially if the patient seeks medical help in the summer, when there are many allergens in the environment.
The signs of psoriasis on the feet in the early stages are as follows:
- A small pink rash or red spots first appear in the place where the skin most often rubs against the inner surface of the garment. This may be the knee, groin or ankle area.
- Neoplasms on the skin always in the first stage have the correct shape with clearly detectable borders. After 3-5 days, they increase in size and form a reddish-pink plaque with an oval or round shape.
- The spots are gradually covered with a white coating, which forms keratin skin cells. These are various scales that are easily separated when touching the surface of damaged skin.
- At all the early stages of the disease, a person feels severe itching on the skin of the feet. When you try to scratch an itchy part of the body, severe pain will be felt.
- Taking antihistamines only temporarily relieves the itching, but cannot stop the spread of rashes and red spots. This is a major factor indicating that dermatological problems are not associated with manifestations of allergic skin reactions to external stimuli.
Early stages of psoriasis on the feet
The first signs of scaly lichen on the feet are associated with increased sensitivity to pain, as well as itching.
Depending on the manifestation, you can see the extent of the disease we are talking about.
The early stages of the disease manifest itself in the form of a bright red or pink rash.
Initially, the rash is small and occupies at least the skin.
Over time, the rash from individual parts develops into large spots that stand out with a red color.
Because of this association, psoriatic plaques form, which rise slightly above the surface of the skin. The inflamed area is accompanied by severe itching, which greatly torments the patient.
After that, exfoliation of the affected tissue begins.
Symptoms of the disease
Often, the knees, thighs, feet, and areas near the ankles fall under the influence of scaly lichen on the feet. This area shows symptoms such as:
- severe persistent itching;
- swelling in the affected area;
- appearance of psoriatic papules;
- psoriatic arthritis;
- violation of the structure of the nail plate on the foot.
Areas of redness appear on the skin, slightly rising above the skin. These rashes become noticeable immediately, because their bright color, characterized by inflammatory processes, stands out against the background of clean areas.
Later, they form a large affected area. The psoriatic plaque that appears after this will start to peel off, but if it is pulled out, it will bleed a little or just leave a red smooth surface.
Is psoriasis on the feet
This skin disease is not considered contagious, but it causes physical and psychological suffering to a person. Psoriasis, which appears once, after treatment may not remind itself for a long time. Often the disease suddenly recurs for an unknown reason. With psoriasis, there is a violation in the formation of skin cells, their accelerated development. With the onset of inflammatory processes appearing on the feet, surface lesions are observed:
- the area around the joint;
The hallmark of psoriasis is that its origin is not fully understood, which makes treatment difficult. Inflammation of the skin of the feet is exacerbated by problems with human motor activity. Unfortunately, it is not possible to radically solve the issue of getting rid of psoriasis completely. Patients assisted:
- relieve painful symptoms;
- slows the growth of rashes on the feet;
- reduce the situation;
- restore work capacity;
- return to a satisfying life.
The onset of psoriasis may be characterized by the formation of a rash - pink papules on the skin surface of the feet. When the disease persists:
- swelling of the joints;
- development of psoriatic arthritis;
- dense scaly plaques;
- skin cracks;
- unbearable itching;
- combining individual elements into a regular lesion.
The manifestations of psoriasis differ depending on the site of violation of the skin of the foot. The following features are features:
- on the hips - large areas with a rash, flaking;
- nails - thicken, peel, change the color and shape of the nail plate;
- leg joints - become inflamed, their mobility is limited;
- foot psoriasis - the soles of the feet are covered with a thick layer of keratin cells, cracks, severe redness is observed, increased sensitivity.
Although the disease is common, doctors are unable to state the exact reason why it occurs. There are provoking factors that cause this skin pathology on the feet and other parts of the body. Psoriasis can start as a result of:
- hereditary tendencies;
- hormonal failure in the body;
- skin injuries;
- excessive hygiene;
- contagious disease;
- stressful situation.
Medical science believes that the cause of psoriasis lies in the failure of the immune system, a disturbance in the function of epithelial cells. Unfavorable factors can trigger foot skin diseases, including:
- psycho-emotional stress;
- exposure to chemicals;
- violation of metabolic processes;
- dry thin skin;
- alcohol intoxication;
- climate change;
- varicose veins in the legs;
- pathology of lipid metabolism.
To help a sick baby in a timely manner, a proper diagnosis is needed. In childhood, psoriasis can be confused with other skin diseases of the feet. Timely treatment of a sick child will help save him from severe symptoms and complications. The appearance of psoriasis in infants is a result of:
- helminthic invasion;
- vitamin deficiency;
- hereditary factors;
- failure in the immune system.
The symptoms of the disease in children are different:
- psoriasis on the feet can take the form of persistent redness of the surface, which can not be touched because of pain;
- with damage to the nail, a point similar to a needle puncture is observed;
- in the folds of the skin of the feet, a rash is noted which is flaking, itching, and does not allow sleep;
- large areas of redness with cracks and bleeding formed on the hip.
The patient's condition and symptoms depend on the stage of development of psoriasis. The pathology arising on the surface of the foot consistently changes over a long period of time. There are several stages in the development of psoriasis:
- early - first rash, redness, swelling appear - conditions suitable for treatment;
- progressive - new plaques are actively formed, existing, increase in size, all accompanied by intense itching, flaking.
At the following stages of psoriasis, changes in the course of the disease are observed:
- acute - the development of rash growth stops, scales appear;
- stationary-new papules do not appear on the legs, the old ones form a layer that gradually peels off, leaving spots;
- regression - the disease stops, the plaque disappears without a trace, all unpleasant symptoms disappear, the patient is healthy.