Causes and treatment of psoriasis of the head

Psoriasis causes many problems in the form of discomfort and aesthetic problems, and its localization in the head adds to the complexity of treatment. The danger of this disease also lies in the addition of fungal infections. How to treat psoriasis, and what are the symptoms?

Causes of psoriasis of the head

Psoriasis of the head

To date, there is no clear answer as to what causes the appearance of psoriasis on the head. Experts put forward several theories about the onset of the disease:

  1. Violations in metabolic processes, against the background of which the cell life cycle is reduced from 40 days to 5. Thus, there is a layer of dead tissue on the plaque.
  2. genetic predisposition. If one parent suffers from a disease in the family, then the probability of developing psoriasis in a child is 25%, if both parents - 75%.
  3. Dysfunction in the thyroid gland. Hormonal disorders are often the cause of dermatological diseases.
  4. An autoimmune process, in which the immune system recognizes epidermal cells as foreign objects.

Psoriasis of the head can also be made worse by the following factors:

  • stressful situations;
  • irrational eating;
  • living in a weak ecological zone;
  • smoking;
  • drink alcohol.

All experts are absolutely sure of one thing - the disease occurs under the influence of several causes, and their elimination becomes the first step towards remission.

Scalp psoriasis

One of the complex forms of the disease is scalp psoriasis. This is due to the fact that due to the hairline, the treatment process is difficult, and the symptoms of the disease in the first stage resemble simple dandruff.


Scalp psoriasis is characterized by symptoms similar to diseases found in other parts of the body. The following disease manifestations can be distinguished:

  1. A single rash or extensive accumulation of plaque appears on the surface of the skin.
  2. There is sebum on the surface of the lesion, which causes the rash to acquire a yellow color. Dead cells, mixed with fat, begin to form tubercles.
  3. Scales, similar to dandruff, accumulate on the hair.
  4. The course of the disease is accompanied by severe itching.
  5. In children, redness of the epidermis of the head is observed, which then begins to get wet.

Since the lesion is located on the surface of the skin, the disease does not reach the hair follicles, so there is no disturbance in hair growth, and its loss remains at a normal level. The photo shows the appearance of psoriasis, localized on the scalp.

Scalp psoriasis

As a result

Scalp psoriasis can cause unpleasant consequences:

  1. The disease does not bring too much discomfort such as psychological discomfort. Often patients may fall into deep depression.
  2. Due to the constant itching and scratching, the disease always gives the patient pain.
  3. With the erythrodermic form of psoriasis, the hair follicles are affected, which can then lead to baldness.

Therefore, treatment of psoriasis on the head should be done in a timely manner.

Important! Psoriasis of the scalp can spread to the face, neck, and shoulders.

Characteristics of treatment

Only a dermatologist, after a detailed examination and laboratory examination, will tell you how to cure psoriasis on the scalp. The disease itself can not disappear, in combating it, it is necessary to use complex therapies, which involve the use of both traditional and alternative medicine methods. In addition, scalp psoriasis needs to be treated with physiotherapy. Only in this case, therapy can be successful.

Shampoo against psoriasis

With psoriasis of the scalp, it is necessary to wash with medicated shampoo

During the treatment of psoriasis, the scalp requires special care, which does not allow the use of conventional cosmetic shampoos. Hair wash should be chosen taking into account the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect.

We can distinguish the main types of shampoo:

  1. Tar. They contain birch or juniper tar, which relieves the symptoms of the disease in the form of burning, and is also effective against excessive exfoliation.
  2. Antifungal. Aims to destroy pathogenic fungal infections. In addition, this drug relieves irritated epidermis.
  3. Therapeutic. This category of shampoo contains components such as zinc or salicylic acid. The product has active moisturizing properties.

All these tools should be used according to instructions.


Spray lotions are often used in the treatment of scalp psoriasis. This is the easiest, because when sprayed, the drug does not leave impurities on the hair, leveling the entire surface of the skin with the solution. The most popular lotions are:

  1. Steroid medications, which also include salicylic acid. This tool disinfects the skin well, and also effectively and quickly relieves itching. The course of therapy is 3 weeks.
  2. Spray, which contains only natural extracts of herbs. Recommended for use to prolong forgiveness. This medicine moisturizes the dermis well and eliminates the itchy sensation.
  3. A non -hormonal solution, the active ingredient is zinc oxide. The components well stop the inflammatory process and are effective against fungal infections.

The spray can also be applied on other parts of the body, but only after consultation with the treating specialist. It is not necessary to wash the medicine after use.

Restoration of the people

Alternative medicine recipes are quite popular in the therapy of psoriasis. They are completely natural and do not harm the patient. In addition, these funds will not bring damage to the wallet. The following most effective recipes can be identified:

  1. Bath soda. Pour a pack full of baking soda into the tub. You need to lie in the water with your head thrown back so that the solution covers your head up to the forehead area. The ears are recommended to be covered with earplugs. The procedure takes 30 minutes.
  2. It is also recommended to wash your hair regularly with tar or sulfur soap. To do this, grate the product on a fine grater and dissolve in a little water. Use like a regular shampoo.
  3. salicylic oil. A very effective remedy for acne. You just need to moisten a cotton pad in the material and lubricate the parts. It needs to process seven separations.

Many patients do not trust folk remedies, but some of them can be more effective than the most expensive pharmaceutical drugs.

Advice! Care should be taken to avoid recipes using essential oils, flammable and irritating substances.

Scalp psoriasis

Outbreaks of psoriasis on the head behind the ears

Scalp psoriasis is localized in the following areas:

  • behind the ears;
  • at the back of the head;
  • on the mucous membranes;
  • near the superciliary arch;
  • on the cheek.

The rash on the facial area is very noticeable, as it cannot be hidden by clothing. At the same time, the use of adhesive cosmetics is strictly prohibited.


The disease manifests itself as follows:

  1. First, spots of light appear on the face.
  2. Then small dots appear in the center, which quickly grow and turn into papules.
  3. This formation soon begins to be covered with a thick layer of dead cells.

The formation of a rash is accompanied by severe itching. In the photo you can see the appearance of psoriasis on the head.

Psoriatic behind the ears

As a result

Skin diseases can cause unpleasant consequences:

  1. When brushing papules, scratches and sores form, which can be a source of infection.
  2. Localization of the rash on the eyelids is the cause of eyeball pathology.
  3. Psoriasis can cause inflammation of the joints and liver.

To prevent the development of concomitant diseases, it is necessary to carry out timely treatment.

Therapeutic properties

Facial skin is quite sensitive, so the patient's task is not only to get rid of the disease, but also to maintain external attractiveness. How to cure psoriasis on the head, a dermatologist will advise.


Ointment for psoriasis on the head is the most common remedy in the fight against this disease. There are two types of funds for local use:

  1. Hormone ointment. They contain glucocorticosteroids, which quickly relieve the symptoms of the disease, so they are often used during exacerbations.
  2. Ointment is not a steroid. This product contains herbal ingredients and one or two active ingredients such as zinc oxide or ichthyol. They have a milder effect on the body, so you can use them for a long time.

When choosing an ointment, the severity of the course of the disease should be compared with the strength of the drug.

Restoration of the people

The following most effective recipes can be distinguished:

  1. Fat solids and birch tar should be mixed evenly. Apply the mass on the lesion for 20 minutes. Then rinse and moisturize the skin with cream.
  2. You can also use sea buckthorn oil, apply on plaque before bedtime. This tool disinfects and heals wounds well.

It is recommended to take decoctions from the collection of medicines inside.

General principles of therapy

Since the disease requires complex effects, there is little local treatment. It is necessary to get rid of psoriasis completely, using all available means.

Medical therapy

In the treatment of psoriasis, the following groups of drugs are used:

  • antihistamines;
  • immunosuppressive agents;
  • enterosorbent;
  • antibiotics;
  • homeopathy.

Usually several groups of drugs are prescribed at once, depending on the severity of the disease, the clinical picture.

Important! You can not independently prescribe medication for yourself, you should first seek the advice of a dermatologist.


Physiotherapy is an important part of fighting this disease. The following procedures can be distinguished:

  • phototherapy;
  • laser exposure;
  • magnetotherapy;
  • ultrasonic effects;
  • mud treatment.

Typically, such a method is prescribed during the rest period of the disease, which helps prolong remission.


Healthy foods high in protein and fiber in the diet for scalp psoriasis

It has been proven that some products can not only worsen the disease, but also worsen the symptoms. Therefore, it is advisable to follow a diet that limits the consumption of the following foods:

  • canned food;
  • fatty foods;
  • snacks;
  • alcohol products;
  • coffee;
  • red fruits and vegetables;
  • cakes.

Preference should be given to protein foods and foods rich in fiber, steamed or baked in foil.

Despite the complexity of the disease course, psoriasis of the head is not a sentence. It is only necessary to observe the complex therapy strictly, and the disease will not be felt for a long time.