What is psoriasis and its causes

Psoriasis is a systemic disease. Treatment of this disease must be carried out by complex methods. This should be done on the grounds that in such patients there is a violation in the work of several internal organs at once. The cause of psoriasis can also be different.

psoriasis of the elbow


Doctors are not sure exactly what causes psoriasis. But at the same time, the main factors that cause plaque to appear on the skin include:

  • tendency at the gene level. If parents have psoriasis, then only in 25% of cases it can be transmitted to their children. When both parents suffer from such a disease, the risk of transmission increases. Medicine still does not know the exact moments at the level of genes that contribute to the transmission of disease.
  • Psychosomatic. Psychological causes also affect the appearance of the disease. Psoriasis appears in those who are constantly in a nervous state or who are constantly under stress.
  • Immunity. The disease can also appear with a decrease in blood quality indicators or a decrease in immunity.
  • Thyroid gland. With changes in the hormonal background, it is possible to observe the manifestation of plaque on the body.
  • GIT. Failure in the digestive system leads to manifestations of psoriasis.
  • Insufficient amount of vitamins B and A in the human body.
  • Psoriasis can occur after SARS. At the same time, doctors argue that the flu only serves as an activation of the onset of the disease, but not the cause.

To provide the patient with remission for a long time, he must always take vitamins and use ointments.


Plaques have different geometric shapes and colors. However, they are slightly convex. The rash is covered with remnants of dead skin. They can be removed. After that, the spots will remain on that part of the body, which will differ in color from the rest of the skin.

The size of the spots can be from 1 to 10 centimeters. There are plaques and smaller sizes. Such manifestations can merge into a normal mass and affect the whole body. This part of the body may be itchy. The skin cells there will recover more slowly than in a healthy epidermis.

The cause of psoriasis can be a psychological factor. Psychology is also important here. After experiencing stress, a rash can appear on a person’s head. It can also occur on the face or ankles. The disease spreads on the head especially on the scalp. In the early stages of the appearance of such a disease, it is easy to confuse it with seborrhea. Therefore, patients for a long time may not pay attention to symptoms, associating them with the usual irritation of the epidermis.

psoriasis medicine

Scientists say that no matter for what reason the disease appears, the symptoms may not appear immediately. Spots on the body should be a danger signal. Usually they have different geometries and small diameters. At such manifestations there may be dead epidermal particles.


The causes of psoriasis are different, but treatment should be comprehensive. At first, it is important to pay attention to the symptoms of psoriasis, and then to the cause. Causes and treatments are related.

To immediately stop the disease and prevent its possible spread, it is necessary:

  • Prepare a diet.
  • Eat foods with vitamins B12, B16, B and A.
  • Do not eat spicy, fried and salty.
  • Don't drink alcohol.
  • Don't panic and avoid stress.

In the early stages of manifestation of such a disease, it can be treated with an ointment with salicylic acid. It will relieve inflammation, reduce itching and remove bacteria from the surface of plaque. In case of complications and in severe cases, treatment is carried out using hormone -based ointments. Thus, the patient will relieve inflammation and reduce the chances of plaque spread. The severity of symptoms will also decrease.

Psoriasis also occurs in children. The cause of psoriasis here can be different. Psoriasis in children is also treated comprehensively. They are prescribed calcium, vitamins, antihistamines and sedatives. You can also take an herbal bath to relieve stress and tension.

female psoriasis

Indirect effects on plaque manifestations can cause hormonal surges. The early stages of the disease can also be diagnosed in children during puberty. In women, the onset of disease manifestations may coincide with the onset of menstruation. Symptoms can also appear in adulthood during menopause, when hormonal surges are observed in the body.

pregnant women with psoriasis at the doctor

When carrying a fetus, women experience remission. This is due to the fact that the adrenal glands work hard, releasing large amounts of cortisone.

It should also be noted that the causes, symptoms, and treatment of psoriasis can be almost the same in women and men, regardless of age.


Half of people with psoriasis may also have joint problems. The disease can affect people aged 30 to 40 years. Symptoms usually appear in the legs. For diagnosis, you will need to undergo x-rays, urine and blood tests.

Doctors have not yet determined the possibility of an individual approach for each patient with the ability to cure the disease. Therefore, to eliminate the symptoms, non-steroidal medications and ointments can usually be prescribed.

Restoration of the people

In children or adults, psoriasis can also be treated with folk remedies. He acquiesced to such treatment. At the same time, the cause of psoriasis can also be different.

If the disease manifests itself due to gastrointestinal disorders, then it can be treated successfully by taking herbal decoctions. Tincture should be on alcohol. Here you can use the following plants:

  1. Aloe.
  2. Burdock.
  3. Barley.
  4. Dandelions and others.

Such plants can have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects on the patient's body.


It is important to follow a diet with such diseases. During the period of exacerbation, it is worth abandoning the use of citrus fruits, milk, eggs. It is also worth taking salty foods carefully and in small quantities, but it is better to reject salt altogether. You also should not drink soups rich in meat or fish. At the same time, doctors note that alcohol in small quantities can be consumed on a regular basis. When the disease begins to develop, it is useful for the body to do fasting days.

The doctor examines the psoriasis on the head


Psoriasis can occur with exacerbation. In this case, most of the patient’s skin surface may become stained. The condition of the joints will get worse. This is dangerous because with heart failure, pathology can lead to serious consequences.

In this case, the patient should adhere to sleep rest without fail, inject intravenous fluids that will help relieve inflammation, take complex medications that will be prescribed by a doctor, and put a bandage on the skin to cool it.


Given all the reasons why plaque can appear on the body, it is possible to determine preventive methods that help prolong remission. This is:

  • Quit smoking and alcohol.
  • Take sedatives and avoid stress.
  • Do not eat snacks (fried, salty, etc. ).
  • Monitor the work and condition of the thyroid gland. That is why you need to visit your doctor regularly.
  • Reject cosmetics altogether or use them only in small quantities.
  • Set up a daily routine.
  • Take vitamins, especially after SARS.

A good way to prevent psoriasis is ultraviolet radiation. Radiation can be artificial and natural. Therefore, patients are advised to be in the sun or in the fresh air more often. When exposed to ultraviolet radiation, the damaged area of skin will produce enzymes that can speed up the process of cell regeneration. With the help of such a bath, it is possible to successfully treat both skin psoriasis and nail psoriasis.

It should also be noted that scientists have found that there is no way to fully recover from this disease. Remission can be observed from six months to several years.

Knowing these things, you will be able to determine the symptoms of psoriasis in time, as well as consult a doctor. If such diseases are treated at an early stage, then the therapeutic process can be simplified and accelerated.